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  Plaster Mouldings Devon  
 

Mouldings Terminology

 
Apron – Horizontal moulding used as trim for a sash or window, which is applied against the wall directly below the stool. This serves to conceal any joint made between the sash or window sill with the plaster on the interior wall.

Base
- Moulding fitted to the perimeter of a room, located at the point where the wall and floor meet. A base shoe is often used as part of the construction, which forms a two piece base (commonly referred to as a skirting board).

Bead - Any semi-circular or rounded prodruding profile.

Bead and Cove
- A plaster moulding that combines both a "bead" and a "cove" in its profile.
  Plaster Mouldings Devon
Moulded Plaster Features  
Cap - Upper section of an entrance, partition, pilaster or wainscot. This can also be known as 'cap trim', 'wainscot cap', 'dado moulding', or 'chair rail cap'. Cap also refers to the top portion of a pilaster, above the fluted area (here it is a contraction of capital).

Capital
– The end of a shaft where it forms the beginning of horizontal supports to a beam (entablature), lintel, arch or support.

Casing
– This is a moulded or 'surfaced-four-sides' piece which can be of various widths and is used for trim on door and window openings. Casing are sometimes divided between 'exterior' or 'interior' for window and exterior door frames and also as either 'side' or 'head' casing.

Ceiling Medallion
- Round, moulded plaster decoration for the centre of a ceiling (also known as a centre rose or centre flower). These are sometimes used as a collar for ceiling fans or light fixtures. Available is a wide range of designs and sizes. Have been used in sequences creating uniqure and interesting designs on ceilings and walls.
  Plaster Corbels
Chair Rail - A member of the group of mouldings which define the lower section of walls. Chair rails are used for protecting the wall decoration (paint or paper for example) from being scratched by furniture. When used with with paneling or wainscoting this rail will serve as the ornamental cap. It is also the interior moulding which had the original intention of being applied to the wall for preventing chairs from marring the wall.

Column
- Either a load bearing or purely decorative pillar which is used in building. The upright can be circular, regularly edged shape (rectangular for example) or of more complex design in cross section. Occasionally columns (especially those that are only for decoration) will have tapered shafts, being markedly narrower at top than the bottom. The column consists of the base, the shaft and the capital.

Railing Plaster Moulding   Moulded Plaster Railing


Corbel
- Refers to a large decorative, moulded bracket.

Corner Blocks
– Squared, plain or decorated blocks, which are used instead of mitered casings. Each section of the casing will fit flussh to the corner block rather than being cut at an angle at the join

.Cornice and Cornice Mouldings - Prominently projecting horizontal moulding at the crown (top) of the wall. The cornice moulding refers to mouldings such as 'crown', 'bead' and 'cove' which are applied to cornice construction. Internal cornices are where the interior walls meet the ceiling (forming a concave angle), while exterior cornices are where the external wall meets the roof (forming a convex angle).

Cove Moulding
- Any moulding featuring a concave profile. Cove moulding is used primarily in places where two features meet at a right angle. For example a rounded inside corner. This also means the opposite of a bullnose. Examples of typical cove designs are 'scotia', 'cavetto', and 'ceiling cornice'. Cove also refers to any architectural piece that has a concave cross section or a trough used to conceal lighting features at the upper part of a wall.

Crown Moulding
- A plaster moulding used on cornices or places were the interior angle of a join is covered. This also refers to sprung moulding used where any two surfaces meet at an angle and is usually applied where any larger angle is to be covered.
Dentil Block - Small rectangle blocks that are spaced closely together in series or as part of a sequence with moulding.

Dentil Moulding (Dentil Trim)
- A series of small square blocks which are evenly spaced and project (giving the general appearance of teeth) and used in cornices, front entrances and mantels and crossheads.
  Plaster Centre Flowers
Door / Window Casings - A surround for a door or window made using a moulding or a series of mouldings. Casings can range from simple, unadorned boards to the most highly complex series of sections. In addition to the mouldings used for window or door casing, it may also include other elements, such as corner blocks, a keystone, or base blocks.

Door / Window Moulding
- A moulding used as trimming for part of a door or window casing. Sometimes used in conjunction with a window or door crosshead or rosette.

Emboss
- Pattern on a decorative feature that is raised.

Decorative Plaster Mouldings  
Entablature – The portion of a building which is faced with horizontally set mouldings. Fitted lengthwise immediately above a series of columns or pilasters. This comprises the 'architrave', 'frieze' and 'cornice'. Entablature can also refer to the structure that sits at the very top of the capital on a column.

Egg and Dart
- A common pattern in moulding design. This uses an egg shape alternated with a dart shape. It is said that the egg symbolises life, and the dart death.

Elliptical - Any feature shaped in an ellipse (a flat shape like a squashed circle).

Finial - Any ornament used on the top or end of certain structures, such as gables.

Fluting
- Parallel, rounded, decorative grooves set into the shaft of columns or pilasters.

Frieze - The decorative and often sculptured or moulded horizontal band which is set along the upper section of a building or of an internal wall.

Moulding Block
- A moulded design used in corners to eliminate the need for any difficult angled cuts of the structure beneath. Straight mouldings can be easily used to join up these corner pieces, which are often preformed.


Niche
- A wall recess, acting as a concave section and shelf. These are often used for displaying ornaments or for 'atmospheric' lighting. The surround of the niche is often moulded, sometimes as a simgle piece with the backing and base.

Ogee
– Any feature that involves an “S”-shaped or reversing curved section to its profile.

Ornaments
– Refers to a selected and highly decorative set of motifs for walls and ceilings. These typically include; leaves, scrolls, garlands, sunburst, shells, shields and wreath designs. The other style of ornaments are 'ball ornaments' which are solid items including urns, acorns, fruit, etc.

Pediment
- A feature that forms the topmost piece of any formal entryway, be it a door or an arch. The Pediment itself sits above the crosshead and the term can also include any ornamental caps or heads on windows and interior door. A pediment is also a low-pitched triangular entrance head or cap or the triangular shape formed by sloping roof meeting a horizontal cornice.

Fascia Moulding
- An external decorative feature where a moulded decoration is applied to the fascia board. Fascia boards are the horizontal facing boards located immediately below the edge of a roof.
   
Picture Rail or Picture Moulding – Narrow moulding features fitted around the perimeter of rooms on the walls. The picture moulding (or picture rail) is set near to the ceiling line and was originally used for supporting hooks on which paintings were hung.

Pilaster
- A, typically ornamental, vertical column set against and projecting slightly from a wall. The vast majority are purely decorative or used to disguise structural features. Pilasters refer to both 'whole; or 'half round' columns and these often include a base (or plinth), a shaft, and capital. Pilasters are often used to simulate columns in a large entryway or as a component of a fireplace mantel.

Ceiling Medallions  
Plinth (or Plinth Block) - The squared block at the foot of a column. The plinth blocks is used to structurally to give the column a sturdier base and often result in a better appearance.

Rosette
- A square block featuring a circular design in the centre. These are usually used as corner blocks withing window and door casings.

Scallop
- Common design pattern that is one, of usually a series of, dished curves. These are used either in a stright line to form a border or railing. Alternatively they can be set in a circular pattern as part of a rosette or medallion.

Shoe Moulding
- A rounded trim (usually one quarter turn) which is applied to the bottom of baseboards or skirting boards where it meets the floor.

Wainscotting
- The lower section of an interior wall surface (usually the bottom 3 or 4 feet of the wall) that is designed to contrast with the upper wall surface above it. It also refers to an interior wall which is broken into two horizontally divided sections.
     
 
     
     
 
 
Classic Plaster Mouldings
Pre-cast mouldings
Restorations
Panel mouldings
 
Specialist Plaster Moulds
Decorative Ceilings
Cornices
Centreflowers / Ceiling Roses / Medallions
 
Custom made architectural features
Period Renovations
Dado Rails
Corner Niches
 
     
Plasterer Plaster Mouldings
F. H .CROCKER | PLASTER MOULDINGS | MUTLEY , PLYMOUTH , DEVON, | TEL : ( 01752 ) 661851 / 668683 | EMAIL : fhcrocker@jhlidstone.com